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Dermal Fillers

Dermal Fillers, What Are They?

Dermal fillers enhance the skin’s appearance. This article discusses dermal filler types and side effects.

Dermal fillers are an ideal solution for clients who want to counter aging effects, such as facial lines and lack of volume on the face. An aesthetic doctor injects material into the skin to restore fullness and add volume to the skin. The dermal fillers can also plump thin lips, cover defects, and soften wrinkles and frown lines. Dermal fillers are popular because they are non-invasive, and the change is also temporary.This means patients do not have to retain the new look if they do not like it. This article will discuss dermal fillers. Read on;

What Are Dermal Fillers?

Cabral et al. (2020) stated that dermal fillers are used to correct skin sagging, lack of volume, anddeveloping wrinkles.Dermal fillers are temporal procedures for face contouring. Instead of undergoing a drastic procedure like plastic surgery to tighten the skin to give it a youthful appearance, an aesthetic practitioner injects fillers deep into the skin. The term dermal means skin. Therefore the dermal filler is a skin filler.

Why Use Dermal Fillers?

According to Ciancio et (2018), dermal fillers are used because of their biocompatibility with the body.The procedure is simple and non-invasive, making it the best choice for a patient using it for aesthetic reasons.

Types of dermal fillers

Types of dermal fillers differ in quality. A cosmetic doctor advises a patient on the type of filler depending on the body’s metabolism. However, it is important to consider the side effects of dermal fillers before starting the procedure. Some patients may want longer-lasting dermal fillers, while others prefer short-term ones. The following are the main types of fillers;


Collagen is the pioneer of dermal fillers. Human-derived collagen is the best because it is bio-compatible with human tissues. Animal-derived Collagen (bovine Collagen) is also effective but may cause an allergic reaction.Mundada et al. (2017) suggested that Collagen can last upto 5 years.

Hyaluronic acid

Hyaluronic acid fillers are the most common filler and are popular because it exits the body naturally, so there are no incompatibility issues. It also lasts longer than Collagen. Mohamed (2020) suggested that Hyaluronic fillers can lessen acne scars, frown lines, facial scars, and smile wrinkles.

Poly-L-lactic Acid( PLA)

PLA is an effective filler. Kim et al. (2019) stated that Poly-l-lactic acid boosts the production of Collagen. It may take a long for the results of PLA to be seen, but they are long-lasting. The PLA  isused to fill the laughing lines around the lips and increase lip volume.

Other types of fillers include Carbonhydroxylapatite and Polyalkylimide`

The Side Effects of Dermal Fillers

Vedarmurthy(2018) stated that the side effects of dermal fillers are usually related to the following factors;

The Product Used

The UK filler market is unregulated, and some available fillers may be harmful to the user as they may be antigenic.

Inexperienced Injector

A cosmetic doctor performing the procedure greatly impacts the final results. The following are some of the issues that the injector needs to know for good results;

Knowledge of the Skin

A cosmetic doctor must place the fillers well to ensure no bumps or lumps. A cosmetic doctor should be careful when injecting the fillers. Sito et al. (2019) suggested that a filler injection into the blood vessels can lead to blindness and necrosis. A proper procedure will also boost the filler’s longevity since they last longer when injected at the right depth.

How To Inject The Skin

A cosmetic doctor should be familiarwith the type of skin to treat. The thickness of the skin determines the angles for different skin parts. An experienced practitioner will also consider the speed and pressure of injecting the filler to reduce risks and injuries


An inexperienced cosmetic doctormay not care about hygiene and work safety issues. Hygiene practices are vital to a patient during filler treatment to prevent infections.

FAQs about Dermal Fillers

Do Dermal Fillers Work?

Dermal fillers work. However, the results depend on the injector’s experience and skills. The mode of injection, the type of filler, and the body’s reaction to the fillers will determine whether the filler will work.

What Should I Discuss with a Doctor Before the Procedure?

Before the procedure, a patient should discuss with a cosmetic doctor the cost of the procedure and the types of dermal fillersto use. A patient should share medical history, including whether they have had dermal fillers before.This helps a cosmetic doctor to know how to perform the procedure and determine if there can be complications. Examining the skin type before the procedure helps choose the right filler.

Must I Have the Dermal Fillers Done by a Professional In the UK?

The filler market in the UK is not regulated, and it is therefore not mandatory that you seek the services of a trained cosmetic doctor to get dermal fillers. Patients can perform filler procedures for themselves, although it is risky. However, a cosmetic doctor should perform the procedure.

Why Are Dermal Fillers Expensive?

Dermal fillers are expensive because they are meant for aesthetic purposes. Medical procedures improving appearance are expensive because they rely on demand and supply. The number of clients. The cost of dermal fillers may also be affected by other features, such as the geographical location where the dermal fillers are done and the cosmetic doctor’s reputation.

Do Permanent Dermal Fillers Exist?

Most dermal fillers are temporal. They are classified as temporary,semi-permanent, and permanent fillers. However, no dermal fillers are permanent, but they take a long time to wear out. The permanent fillers will not last for a decade but will last longer than other fillers.

Which Is the Best Dermal Filler?

The best dermal filler must have the following characteristics;

  • Biocompatible
  • Affordable
  • It can be dissolved so that the patient does not have to stay with results they do not like.


Smooth skin is the ultimate symbol of beauty, and that is why most clients get dermal fillers to want them for aesthetic reasons. Dermal fillers are improving while getting more popular in the UK because they are easily available. In the UK, a patient does not need a cosmetic doctor to have fillers, although it is recommended that you find the services of a skilled cosmetic doctor. Dermal fillers may have some side effects. Hyaluronic dermal fillers are the most common because they are compatible with the body and will not cause allergic reactions.


Cabral, L. R. B., Teixeira, L. N., Gimenez, R. P., Demasi, A. P. D., De Brito Junior, R. B., De Araújo, V. C., & Martinez, E. F. (2020). Effect Of Hyaluronic Acid And Poly-L-Lactic Acid Dermal Fillers On Collagen Synthesis: An In Vitro And In Vivo Study. Clinical, Cosmetic And Investigational Dermatology, 13, 701.

Ciancio, F., Tarico, M. S., Giudice, G., & Perrotta, R. E. (2018). Early Hyaluronidase Use Preventing Skin Necrosis After Treatment With Dermal Fillers: Report Of Two Cases. F1000Research, 7.

Kim, S. A., Kim, H. S., Jung, J. W., Suh, S. I., &Ryoo, Y. W. (2019). Poly-L-Lactic Acid Increases Collagen Gene Expression And Synthesis In Cultured Dermal Fibroblast (Hs68) Through The P38 MAPK Pathway. Annals Of Dermatology, 31(1), 97-100.

Mohamed, D. A. (2020). Dermal Filler Types, Effect On Soft Tissue And Life Style Correlation. Journal Of Medicine And Health Sciences Research, 3, 1-5.

Mohamed, D. A. (2020). Dermal Filler Types, Effect On Soft Tissue And Life Style Correlation. Journal Of Medicine And Health Sciences Research, 3, 1-5.

Mundada, P., Kohler, R., Boudabbous, S., ToutousTrellu, L., Platon, A., & Becker, M. (2017). Injectable Facial Fillers: Imaging Features, Complications, And Diagnostic Pitfalls At MRI And PET CT. Insights Into Imaging, 8(6), 557-572.

Sito, G., Manzoni, V., &Sommariva, R. (2019). Vascular Complications After Facial Filler Injection: A Literature Review And Meta-Analysis. The Journal Of Clinical And Aesthetic Dermatology, 12(6), E65.

Vedamurthy, M. (2018). Beware What You Inject: Complications Of Injectables—Dermal Fillers. Journal Of Cutaneous And Aesthetic Surgery, 11(2), 60.

Crystal Kadir