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Dermal Fillers

What Are Dermal Fillers?

Dermal fillers are an injection administered in the face tissues of the lips and chin, among other parts. In this practice, cosmetic doctors take part in facial treatment aimed at reducing depression on the skin, filling up lines and restoring the cheek size. It is normally done on the area around the nose, mouth and lowers part of the eyes. This procedure plumps up smooth lines and wrinkles on the face. After the procedure, the effect of the plumbed skin can take 6 to 12 months, depending on the type of administration and the type of patient.

Why Are Dermal Fillers Used?

Ageing is inevitable; therefore, as one ages, the body undergoes many changes. Such is the appearance of smile lines on the face due to the loss of subcutaneous fat. Another factor which also leads to the sagging of the skin is the loss of collagen. Khan & Hashmi (2015) explained that collagen is a vital substance in many body parts, such as the skin, connective tissues and muscles. Collagen also aids in filling up the skin surface, so as one ages, the body tends to produce less collagen, creating a cavity on the body surfaces that leads to wrinkles.

What to Consider Before Having a Face Filler

If one isafter filler injection, they have to consider the following things. The first is the aesthetic practitioner. It would be best if oneis keen to choose the best cosmetic doctor. The procedure is usually safe and performed by a licensed and qualified practitioner; thus, there is no need to worry. Not only should the aesthetic practitioner possess a license but ensure that they are in the register, which affirms that they have undergone training and taken the full course, which means that they have met the standards of practice.

What to Expect When You Have Face Fillers

During the practice, one will be subjected to a cream to numb the skin. The area around the skin with wrinkles, folds or smile lines is injected with the filler. This process is not normally painful and can take only 20 to 30 minutes.De Boulle & Heydenrych (2015) stated that after the procedure, one might have red sore and swollen lumps around the treated area; however, the situation does not take such a long time since the sores should have disappeared by the end of 3 to 4 days. The aesthetic practitioner should have given out instructions on how to deal with the situation if necessary. So as not to have a severe condition, it is prudent that one not take in strenuous activities mainly 24 hours after the procedure. An individual can drink but not take alcohol when theyare from the filler treatment. It is due to the vasodilation effect that alcohol has and may increase the healing period of the bruise. Some risks are associated with taking the procedure. However, this is if it was done correctly by a professional aesthetic practitioner. The procedure risks are the possibility of infection, a lumpy appearance on the treated area, and blocked blood vessels.

Types of Dermal Fillers?

After looking at the benefits of facial surgery, the FDA approved that the following products are authentic and can be used to perform cosmetic treatment procedures: hyaluronic acid, calcium hydroxyapatite, poly-l-lactic acid and human fat. The different products are mainly used to treat different conditions the patient has. For instance

Calcium Hydroxyapatite

Rivkin (2016) explained that calcium hydroxyapatite is mostly preferred when the cosmetic practitioner aims at getting deeper into the skin folds and wrinkles. It plumbs the jaws and the cheeks, helping to restore the initial look that one had after the cheek had started sagging. Its preference for the jaw area is due to the substance that is contained, similar to the ones on the bone. Hence being preferred for deeper injections. If to take the injection, the results ought to last about a year or so.

Hyaluronic Acid

Hyaluronic acid is a natural acid that the body produces and is located around the skin’s connective tissue. However, when deficient in the body, one can undergo a hyaluronic acid injection to plump up your skin. It is mainly during the ageing face of one’s life because, at this time, the body tends to produce less of this acid; hence the hydration that it initially produces disappears, leading to an aged skin surface with wrinkles. Using this acid can give results ranging from 6 months to a year.

Polymethyl Methacrylate

Collagen is an important substance in the body. This type of filler contains microspheres suspended in collagen-based gel. When injected, the gel fills the contours on the skin surface, making skin lift and softening wrinkles and acne scars. It, in turn, provides smoother skin since it does provide structural support.

Poly-L-lactic Acid

Sinha et al. (2015) stated that since ageing reduces collagen production, this type of injection comes hand in hand with helping the body produce its collagen. It is recommended to treat smooth wrinkles in that area on the face, and the injection results can stay for two years.

Limitations of Dermal Fillers

Dermal fillers are mainly advised for patients that might want lip increments. For some patients, facelifts, eyelifts, or brow lifts may be the best option, but this requires a cosmetic treatment. However, dermal filler is used in the minimal rejuvenation treatment on the tissues to delay the time before embarking on the facelift journey.

FAQs about Dermal Fillers?

What Are Dermal Fillers Used for

It is an injection to fill up the facial surfaces, such as the lips and nose. This procedure involves the insertion of a liquid into the face so one can have good skin.

What Are Dermal Fillers Made of?

There are temporary fillers that include hyaluronic acid, a sugar found in the body. Another common type is calcium hydroxyapatite, normally found in the human bone. They tend to have a long duration span that goes up to 18 months.


To rejuvenate the skin, dermal fillers can be used in the skin tissues to plump up the surface. They are used to restore the skin’s nature and make one glow. There are various dermal fillers in the market, each having different characteristics, and the use depends on the type of patient. For instance, hyaluronic acid, normally produced in the body, can help to plum up the skin. Others include Polymethyl methacrylate, Calcium hydroxyapatite. Poly-L-lactic acid


De Boulle, K., & Heydenrych, I. (2015). Patient factors influencing dermal filler complications: prevention, assessment, and treatment. Clinical, cosmetic and investigational dermatology8, 205.

Khan, S., & Hashmi, G. S. (2015). Histology and functions of connective tissues: a review article. University J. Dent. Sci1, 1-2.

Rivkin, A. Z. (2016). Volume correction in the ageing hand: role of dermal fillers. Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology9, 225.

Sinha, A., Hurakadli, M., & Yadav, P. (2015). Botox and derma fillers: The twin-face of cosmetic dentistry. International Journal of Contemporary Dental and Medical Reviews2015, 131214.

Tatyana Dyachenko