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Dermal Fillers

What Is Fillers?

Do you know what fillers are? This article explains the benefits of fillers, types of fillers, complications and risks of fillers, what to do to make the dermal filler last for long and the frequent asked questions.

Fillers are cosmetic products used to eliminate fine lines and wrinkles, by making the skin full and plump. Patients may experience several side effects, such as bruising and swelling. However, these side effects are short-lived ad fade away with time. Dermal filler procedures have no downtime and patients can go back to their day-to-day work after the treatment. There are various types of fillers, with hyaluronic acid fillers being the commonly used.

What is Fillers?

Dermal filler is a cosmetic product used to lessen the appearance of wrinkles and facial lines. Wrinkles and fine lines occur due to volume loss, caused by aging, environmental factors, such as pollution, and lifestyle choices, such as smoking. Dermal filler treatment is ideal for clients who wish to get rid of aging signs and do not want to undergo invasive procedures. It functions by filling the regions of the face which are disposed to drooping to restore its natural fullness and volume. However, the treatment’s resultsare temporary and cheap compared to surgery.

Benefits of Fillers

de Carvalho et al. (2020)explained that dermal filler procedures may help eradicate aging signs such as wrinkles and fine lines. However, patients who are under blood thinning medications should not go for dermal filler procedures.

Dermal fillers smoothen out flaws on the face. The longevity of fillers and the results depends on the product utilized. Dermal filler treatments have no downtime. Therefore, clients can return to their normal activities after the filling procedure. However, they should be very careful to avoid interfering with the injected area.

What to Do After Filler Treatments

Patients should use sunscreen in sunny weather and avoid active activities and exercises. High temperatures can impact dermal filler treatments. So, it is a great idea to relax to give the treated area ample time to heal.

Patients should also avoid consumption of alcohol. Alcohol is a vasodilator. It dilates the blood vessels, increasing blood flow that can hinder smooth healing of the injected area.

Types of Fillers

There are several types of fillers, including hyaluronic acid, calcium hydroxyapatite, fat grafting,permanent soft tissue filler and poly-L- lactic acid. According to Dovedytis,Liu & Bartlett (2020), hyaluronic acid occurs naturally in the body and helps keep the skin full and plump. The different types of dermal fillers have varying treatment results. The longevity of filler results also differs depending on various aspects, such as metabolic rate, exposure to extreme UV rays, and lifestyle choices such as smoking.

Complications and Risks of Fillers

According to Singh &Nooreyezdan (2020), dermal filler procedure has its risks and side effects, including itching, pain, swelling, bleeding, and redness. These symptoms are very common, although they are not permanent; they can last for three days after the dermal treatment. However, patients should consult a cosmetic doctor or aesthetic practitioner if these symptoms get worse and don’t disappear after three days. Lengthy signs and symptoms may be implications of potential complications related to fillers, such as bleeding, infection, bruising, nodules or granulomas, and allergic reactions, which are well known for swelling, hives and rashes and flu-like symptoms.

According to Witmanowski&Błochowiak (2020), some patients report serious complications like an abscess and blindness that can be a result of blood clotting in the retinal artery, necrosis that is broken down of the skin, sepsis and anaphylactic shock.

Fillers are not regulated in the UK. Therefore, there are lots of quack cosmetic doctors with no training and experience. It is always advisable for patients to be very careful while selecting the cosmetic doctor who will conduct the aesthetic procedure for them. Some cosmetic doctors use fillers that are not approved, making the patient undergo serious complications.

What To Do To Make the Dermal Filler Effects Last Longer

If you want your results to stay for a long period, you should follow the following guidelines;

  • Ensure you drink a lot of water to keep your body hydrated.
  • Maintain hygiene. It is important to stay clean before and after the treatment. This will keep away the bacteria from entering the injected area.
  • Avoid taking alcohol and smoking.
  • Do not massage the injected area.

FAQs about Fillers

Are Fillers Good forthe Face?

Dermal fillers are a good method to enhance appearance. It has a good appearance by smoothening creases and wrinkles, improving the face’s shape and structure, adding volume to the dropping cheeks, reshaping the jawline and plumping up lips.

What Are the Side Effects of Fillers

Some people report itching, tenderness, pain, swelling, redness, bruising and challenges in performing activities.

Are Fillers Painful

Fillers are not painful but can cause swelling and bruising for several hours after the procedure. When the swelling persists, you should consult the doctor who conducted the procedure to correct the filler. You may experience the upper lip being bigger than the lower lip, which could be normal but ensure you see the doctor if the swelling does not reduce.

Can I Wear Makeup After Fillers?

It is recommended to avoid applying makeup on your face after the treatment. This will help the injection site clear and keep it away from bacteria for twenty-four hours.

Can I Take a Shower After the Fillers?

It is advisable to make your face clean all the time after the treatment to reduce the risks of infection. When washing your face, it is recommended to do it gently on the injected site.


When looking for a good appearance, you can go for dermal fillers on your lips, cheeks or forehead. But ensure you select a professional doctor to conduct your filler. This will help you avoid the risks and complications in the future. After the treatment, ensure you take care of yourself and give the injection site enough time to heal. Avoid exercising since this can cause the migration of fillers.


de Carvalho, G. G., Marceliano-Alves, M. F. V., Goulart, S. R., Orsini, M., & Moreno, A. (2020). The use of hyaluronic acid and polymethylmethacrylate in the skin ageing process in a comparative analysis (the advantages, disadvantages and adverse effects of each filler). Int J Advan Eng Res Sci7(2), 50-59.

Dovedytis, M., Liu, Z. J., & Bartlett, S. (2020). Hyaluronic acid and its biomedical applications: A review. Engineered Regeneration1, 102-113.

Witmanowski, H., & Błochowiak, K. (2020). Another face of dermal fillers. Advances in Dermatology and Allergology/Postępy Dermatologii i Alergologii37(5), 651-659.

Singh, K., & Nooreyezdan, S. (2020). Nonvascular Complications of Injectable Fillers—Prevention and Management. Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery53(03), 335-343.

Crystal Kadir