Dermal Fillers

What Is in Dermal Fillers

Dermal fillers are cosmetic products that help change appearance. This article explains what is in dermal fillers, their benefits and side effects, and frequently asked questions about dermal fillers.

Dermal fillers are products used to plump the skin by eradicating wrinkles and smooth lines. The results of dermal filler treatments are temporary. They contain various materials, with hyaluronic acid being the most used compound in the filler market and a sugar compound naturally accessed from an individual body. Some dermal fillers contain calcium hydroxyapatite, a major mineral and bone component in a person. Poly-L-lactic acid is a synthetic and biodegradable compound used in dermal fillers. For a dermal treatment to be administered to an individual, one should ensure that they are in good health and mental state to achieve the expected results. The procedure is critical and needs to be performed by a cosmetic doctor. One should look for a specialized cosmetic doctor who knows the body’s anatomy, blood vessels and muscles. Their knowledge will make it easier to administer the dermal filler at a specific site on the face.

What is in Dermal Fillers

With the popularity of dermal fillers in the market, there are several fillers, each containing different compounds. The dermal filler constituents vary. The choice of filler will depend on the customer’s choice and preferences, but the main combination in the dermal filler is hyaluronic acid. Hyaluronic acid is preferred because it attracts moisture and helps bind water molecules on the dermal skin, making it hydrated. Other dermal fillers contain calcium hydroxyapatite and Poly-L-lactic acid, as explained below.

Hyaluronic Acid (HA)

Hyaluronic is a slippery substance that an individual’s body produces naturally and is found throughout the body. It is obtained through the fermentation of various bacteria. When injected with a HA filler, it combines with water, resulting in a filling effect on the skin tissue. On administering HA on the skin tissue, it helps restore lost volume. It is among the safest substances used as it rarely gets allergic when used by an individual, making it safe.

Calcium Hydroxyapatite (CaHa)

It is another substance contained in dermal fillers. It is a uniform CaHa microsphere in aqueousform. It is a temporary and long-lastingsubstance, making it more biocompatible with the skin’s tissues. It is safe for skin tissue administration as it is associated with rare cases of foreign body reactions.


It is synthetically obtained and produced from the polymerization of methyl methacrylate. During the process, rigid and transparent plastic is used instead of glass. The substance is used in dermal fillers and other bone implants as they function inexpensively.

Poly-L-lactic Acid (PLLA)

The PLLA is absorbable, semi-permanent, and used in dermal fillers to help restore the lost volume and stimulate collagen formation in an individual’s skin. It is among the best-correcting substances used in stuffing, mainly the face, to help achieve lost fat in the client’s face.

Benefits of Dermal Fillers

Rivkin (2016) explained that there are many benefits that clients can experience from using dermal fillers. One can get a youthful glow and plump up their skin. Other benefits include:

Elastin and Collagen Production

Ageing is a gradual process. Teriyaki et al. (2019) stated that hyaluronic acid increases collagen and elastin production. Applying dermal filler to ageing skin can improve output, thus making an individual slim and younger. Individuals should ensure better results that the dermal fillers they purchase contain hyaluronic acid.

Minimal Risks

Various beauty procedures have risks, but dermal fillers have minimal ones. Patients can experience redness, swelling, and bruising from the injections immediately after the procedure. The side effects are mild and fade after a short time. The dermal filler treatment procedure does not have serious complications. One is advised to look for a trained aesthetician with a certified course.

Side Effects of Dermal Fillers

Heydenrych et al. (2018) stated that dermal fillers are safe for use. However, they have various side effects. Continuous use of dermal fillers weakens the facial muscles and blood vessels of a patient with drooping eyelids and brows. Some patients experience pain in various localized parts and redness, swelling and bruising resulting from the dermal filler injection. Some rare side effects include dry eyes, double vision, hard breathing, and swallowing.

How Long Does Dermal Filler Last?

Vedamurthy (2018) stated that dermal fillers are a temporal solution and treatment cosmetic procedure. On administering the filler, they last between six months to a year or two, depending on the type of filler used. When the filler is used up, one can get a refill through another treatment and injection as the process is simple, short and effective and takes around twenty to thirty minutes.

Who Should Not Get Dermal Fillers?

Patients with allergies and bleeding disorders should not go for filler treatments. Before using any products, one should check with their medical practitioners to prevent any adverse effects from dermal filler injections.

Tips on Injectable Dermal Fillers

Clients should know various aspects of injectable dermal fillers before engaging or administering the treatment. One is advised to work with a licensed and qualifiedcosmetic doctor. One should also know the type of product they are being injected with, theiringredients and any possible risks associated with it. Avoid publicly sold dermal fillers, as they can be contaminated or fake. Also, avoid injecting yourself, as it can result in negative outcomes.

FAQs about Dermal Fillers

What Are Dermal Fillers?

They are cosmetic products injected into the facial muscles to help change general appearance.

What are Some ofthe Parts That Can Be Treated with Fillers?

One can treat the chin, forehead, lips, glabella, and crow’s eyes.

What are the Benefits of Dermal Fillers?

It helps change the appearance of an individual and makesone look younger and more youthful.

Is the Dermal Treatment Safe?

Yes, the treatment is safe and well accommodated by various individuals and should be conducted by a certified and skilful cosmetic doctor.

Is the Dermal Treatment Painful?

The treatment is not painful and has no downtime associated.


Dermal fillers are among the best-knowncosmetictreatmentspatients can use to ensure their appearance is on point. Individuals use these fillers for different purposes, including changing their face’s appearance, reducing ageing signs and helping add volume to some body parts of an individual. Dermal fillers are well tolerated but associated with side effects like swelling and bruising that are seen to go away after a short period.


Ariyati, N., Kusworini, K., Nurdiana, N., & Wirohadidjojo, Y. W. (2019). Low degree hyaluronic acid crosslinking inducing the release of TGF-β1 in conditioned medium of wharton’s jelly-derived stem cells. Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences7(10), 1572.

Heydenrych, I., Kapoor, K. M., De Boulle, K., Goodman, G., Swift, A., Kumar, N., & Rahman, E. (2018). A 10-point plan for avoiding hyaluronic acid dermal filler-related complications during facial aesthetic procedures and algorithms for management. Clinical, cosmetic and investigational dermatology11, 603.

Rivkin, A. Z. (2016). Volume correction in the ageing hand: role of dermal fillers. Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology9, 225.

Vedamurthy, M. (2018). Beware what you inject: Complications of injectables—dermal fillers—Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery11(2), 60.

Elena Ognivtseva
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