Cosmelan

Dr. Laura Geige

Cosmelan and Dermamelan peels are both specialized chemical peels designed to treat various skin concerns, particularly issues related to hyperpigmentation, melasma, dark spots, and uneven skin tone. Here is all the necessary general information about Cosmelan and Dermamelan peels that a patient needs to know before going ahead with one:

What are Cosmelan and Dermamelan Peels?

Cosmelan and Dermamelan are depigmentation treatments that use a combination of active ingredients to target and reduce skin hyperpigmentation. They are particularly effective for treating conditions like melasma, dark spots, and uneven skin tone.

How Do They Work?

Both Cosmelan and Dermamelan peels work by inhibiting an enzyme called tyrosinase, which plays a crucial role in the production of melanin, the pigment responsible for skin color. By blocking this enzyme, these peels can effectively reduce the formation of excessive melanin, thereby lightening dark spots and hyperpigmented areas.

Key Ingredients: The main active ingredients in both Cosmelan and Dermamelan peels include:

Azelaic Acid: Helps to control melanin production and has antibacterial properties, making it effective for treating acne and rosacea as well.

Kojic Acid: Derived from mushrooms, it inhibits tyrosinase, reducing melanin production and treating hyperpigmentation.

Phytic Acid: Derived from rice, this acid helps exfoliate the skin and reduce pigmentation.

Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C): Known for its antioxidant properties, it helps brighten the skin and even out skin tone.

Suitable Candidates: Cosmelan and Dermamelan peels are generally safe for individuals with different skin types and tones, although they may not be recommended for patients with extremely sensitive skin or certain medical conditions. A thorough skin evaluation and consultation with a qualified healthcare professional is essential to determine candidacy.

Preparation: Before the treatment, your healthcare professional may provide you with specific instructions on how to prepare your skin, which may involve using certain skincare products to enhance the results and minimize potential side effects.

The Procedure:

During the procedure:

  • The skin is thoroughly cleansed to remove any oils and impurities.
  • The Cosmelan or Dermamelan mask is applied to the skin, and the patient is provided with post-peel instructions.
  • The mask remains on the skin for a specified period (determined by the healthcare professional), and the patient is sent home with the mask still on.
  • After the appropriate time has passed, the patient will remove the mask as per the healthcare professional’s instructions.

Recovery and Aftercare:

  • After the mask is removed, patients may experience redness, swelling, and some discomfort, which is normal and usually subsides within a few days.
  • The treated skin will begin to peel and flake off over the next several days, revealing new, brighter skin underneath.
  • It is essential to follow the post-peel instructions provided by the healthcare professional, including using gentle skincare products, avoiding sun exposure, and wearing sunscreen daily.

Results:

Results from Cosmelan and Dermamelan peels may vary depending on the individual’s skin condition and the depth of hyperpigmentation. Multiple treatment sessions may be recommended for more significant or stubborn cases. The results of the Cosmelan procedure can typically be seen within a few weeks, with further improvement over time as the skin continues to regenerate. The treatment helps to reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation, even out the skin tone, and improve overall skin texture and radiance.

Here’s what patients can typically expect regarding results and timelines:

Hyperpigmentation and Melasma: The peels work to reduce the appearance of hyperpigmented areas, such as dark spots and melasma patches, by inhibiting the production of melanin (the pigment responsible for skin color). As a result, patients can experience a more even skin tone and a reduction in the contrast between hyperpigmented spots and the surrounding skin.

Improved Skin Texture: The peels stimulate cell turnover and exfoliation, leading to smoother and more refined skin texture. This can help reduce the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles, and acne scars.

Brighter and More Radiant Complexion: The exfoliating action of the peels can enhance skin radiance, giving the complexion a more youthful and glowing appearance.

Timeline for Results:

Short-term Results: After the Cosmelan or Dermamelan peel, patients may experience some initial redness, mild swelling, and peeling of the skin. The peeling phase usually starts a few days after the treatment and may last up to a week. During this time, the skin sheds dead and damaged cells, revealing fresher, healthier skin beneath.

Mid-term Results: Within two to four weeks after the peeling phase, patients may start to notice improvements in their skin. Hyperpigmented areas may begin to fade, and the overall complexion may look brighter.

Long-term Results: The most significant improvements typically occur after about four to eight weeks post-treatment. By this time, the skin’s appearance should continue to improve, with a reduction in hyperpigmentation and enhanced skin texture.

Longevity of Results: The longevity of the results from Cosmelan and Dermamelan peels depends on several factors, including the individual’s skin type, skincare routine, sun exposure, and lifestyle habits. With proper sun protection and a good skincare regimen, the results of the peels can be long-lasting. However, to maintain the improvements and prevent the recurrence of hyperpigmentation, patients may need occasional maintenance treatments or follow-up homecare protocols, as advised by their skincare professional.

It’s crucial for patients to follow the aftercare instructions provided by their skincare professional to optimize and prolong the results. Additionally, consistent use of sunscreen and sun protection is vital to prevent future sun damage, which can trigger hyperpigmentation and compromise the achieved results.

Risks and Side Effects: While Cosmelan and Dermamelan peels are generally safe when performed by qualified professionals, there are potential risks and side effects, including redness, peeling, dryness, and temporary skin sensitivity. These side effects are typically temporary and subside as the skin heals.

Consultation: It is crucial to have a consultation with a qualified healthcare professional or dermatologist before undergoing a Cosmelan or Dermamelan peel. During the consultation, the professional will assess your skin, discuss your concerns and goals, and recommend the most suitable treatment plan for your needs.

It is important to note that the Cosmelan procedure is a professional treatment that should be performed by a trained and experienced skincare professional. 

By understanding this general information about Cosmelan and Dermamelan peels, patients can make informed decisions about whether the treatment is right for them and what to expect throughout the process.

If you are concerned about hyperpigmentation or uneven skin tone and wish to improve the appearance of your skin, the Cosmelan procedure may be an option worth considering. At “It’s Me & You Clinic,” our skilled skincare professionals can provide a comprehensive consultation, assess your specific needs, and recommend the most suitable treatment plan to help you achieve your desired skin goals.

FAQ COSMELAN

Cosmelan is a professional depigmentation treatment designed to address skin concerns related to hyperpigmentation, melasma, dark spots, and uneven skin tone. It is a specialized chemical peel formulated to lighten and fade areas of excess pigmentation on the skin

Cosmelan works by inhibiting the enzyme tyrosinase, which is responsible for melanin production. By blocking this enzyme, Cosmelan reduces the formation of melanin, leading to the lightening of dark spots and hyperpigmented areas.

Cosmelan contains a blend of active ingredients, including azelaic acid, kojic acid, phytic acid, and ascorbic acid (vitamin C). These ingredients work synergistically to target hyperpigmentation and promote a more even skin tone.

Cosmelan is generally safe for individuals with different skin types and tones, although it may not be recommended for patients with extremely sensitive skin or certain medical conditions. A thorough skin evaluation and consultation with a qualified healthcare professional are essential to determine candidacy.

During the Cosmelan procedure:

  • The skin is cleansed to remove oils and impurities.
  • The Cosmelan mask is applied to the skin, and the patient is provided with post-peel instructions.
  • The mask remains on the skin for a specific time, determined by the healthcare professional, and the patient is sent home with the mask still on.
  • After the appropriate time has passed, the patient removes the mask as per the healthcare professional’s instructions.

After the Cosmelan procedure, patients may experience redness, swelling, and peeling of the skin. This is a normal part of the process as the skin sheds dead and damaged cells, revealing fresher, healthier skin beneath.

Results from Cosmelan may vary depending on the individual’s skin condition and the depth of hyperpigmentation. Generally, patients may start to notice improvements in their skin within two to four weeks after the peeling phase. Further improvement can occur over time as the skin continues to regenerate.

The longevity of Cosmelan results depends on various factors, including the individual’s skin type, skincare routine, sun exposure, and lifestyle habits. With proper sun protection and a good skincare regimen, the results of Cosmelan can be long-lasting. However, to maintain the improvements and prevent the recurrence of hyperpigmentation, patients may need occasional maintenance treatments or follow-up homecare protocols.



While Cosmelan is generally safe when performed by qualified professionals, there are potential risks and side effects, including redness, peeling, dryness, and temporary skin sensitivity. These side effects are usually temporary and subside as the skin heals.

Cosmelan can be used as a standalone treatment or in combination with other skincare treatments for comprehensive results. However, it is essential to consult with a qualified skincare professional to determine the best treatment plan based on your specific skin concerns and goals.

Some downtime may be expected after the Cosmelan procedure due to redness, peeling, and skin sensitivity. However, most patients can resume their regular activities with proper aftercare and sun protection.

It is generally recommended to avoid wearing makeup immediately after the Cosmelan procedure. Your skincare professional will provide specific post-peel instructions on when it is safe to resume using makeup.

Cosmelan is suitable for most skin types and tones, but a consultation with a qualified healthcare professional is essential to determine the best treatment approach for your skin.

The number of Cosmelan sessions required for optimal results may vary depending on the severity of the hyperpigmentation and the individual’s skin condition. Your skincare professional will recommend the appropriate treatment plan during the consultation.

It is crucial to avoid sun exposure and tanning beds after the Cosmelan procedure. The skin will be more sensitive to UV radiation during the healing process, making it susceptible to sun damage and pigmentation recurrence.

Cosmelan is not recommended during pregnancy or breastfeeding. It is essential to inform your healthcare professional if you are pregnant or nursing before undergoing any skincare treatments.

The Cosmelan procedure may cause some discomfort during and after the peeling phase. However, any discomfort experienced is typically well-tolerated, and the skincare professional can provide recommendations for managing it.

Cosmelan can be beneficial for addressing acne and acne scars. However, it is essential to consult with a qualified skincare professional to determine if the procedure is appropriate for your specific acne condition.

Wearing sunscreen is crucial after the Cosmelan procedure to protect the skin from sun damage. Your skincare professional will provide specific guidelines on when it is safe to start using sunscreen.

To ensure safe and effective results, it is essential to choose a qualified and experienced skincare professional or dermatologist to perform the Cosmelan procedure. Look for professionals with specialized training and certifications in cosmetic treatments and skincare. A thorough consultation will help you gauge their expertise and professionalism.

Before undergoing the Cosmelan procedure, it is crucial to have a consultation with a qualified healthcare professional or dermatologist. During this consultation, your skin will be evaluated, and your concerns and goals will be discussed. The skincare professional will create a personalized treatment plan tailored to your specific needs.

About CHEMICAL SKIN PEELS

A chemical skin peel, also known as a chemical peel or dermapeeling, is a cosmetic procedure used to improve the appearance and texture of the skin. It involves the application of a chemical solution to the skin, which causes the top layers of the skin to peel off, revealing smoother, rejuvenated skin underneath.

There are different types of chemical peels, categorized based on their depth of penetration:

Superficial Peel: Also known as a lunchtime peel, this type of peel targets the outermost layer of the skin (epidermis) and is ideal for mild skin concerns like fine lines, uneven texture, and dullness.

Medium Peel: This peel penetrates into the middle layer of the skin (dermis) and is effective for treating more significant skin issues, such as moderate wrinkles, sun damage, and acne scars.

Deep Peel: A deep peel reaches the deeper layers of the skin and is used to address severe skin problems like deep wrinkles, extensive sun damage, and certain types of scars. This type of peel requires more downtime and may not be suitable for all skin types.

Chemical peels offer numerous benefits, including:

  • Improving skin texture and tone
  • Reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles
  • Minimizing sun damage and age spots
  • Treating acne and acne scars
  • Enhancing skin radiance and glow
  • Stimulating collagen production for firmer skin

Chemical peels are generally safe for individuals with fair to medium skin tones. However, the suitability of the treatment depends on individual skin type, concerns, and medical history. Patients with dark skin may be at a higher risk of developing post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation and should consult with a qualified professional before undergoing the procedure.

Before the chemical peel, patients may be required to prepare their skin by using specific skincare products or avoiding certain treatments like waxing and excessive sun exposure. Your healthcare professional will provide you with pre-treatment instructions.

During the procedure:

The skin is thoroughly cleansed to remove any oils and impurities.

The chemical solution is applied to the skin in a controlled manner, and patients may experience a tingling or burning sensation, depending on the type of peel.

After the appropriate amount of time, the chemical solution is neutralized or removed.

A soothing ointment or post-peel mask is applied to the treated skin to aid in the healing process.

The recovery period depends on the type of peel performed. Superficial peels may have little to no downtime, while deeper peels may require several days to weeks for the skin to heal completely.

Patients are advised to avoid direct sun exposure, wear sunscreen daily, and follow post-treatment instructions provided by the healthcare professional.

Results from a chemical peel may vary depending on the depth of the peel and the individual’s skin concerns. Multiple treatment sessions may be recommended for optimal results.

While chemical peels are generally safe when performed by qualified professionals, there are potential risks and side effects, including redness, swelling, peeling, scabbing, and changes in skin pigmentation. These side effects are typically temporary and can be minimized with proper aftercare.

It’s essential to have a consultation with a qualified healthcare professional or dermatologist before undergoing a chemical peel. During the consultation, the professional will assess your skin, discuss your concerns and goals, and recommend the most suitable type of peel for your needs.

GENERAL Faq

Before and after a chemical peel, it is important to follow certain guidelines to ensure the best results and minimize potential complications. Here are some general things to avoid before and after a chemical peel:

Before the Chemical Peel:

Sun Exposure: Avoid excessive sun exposure and use sunscreen to protect your skin in 4 weeks leading up to the peel. Sunburned or tanned skin can increase the risk of complications during the peel.

Waxing or Hair Removal: Avoid waxing or any other form of hair removal in the treatment area for at least one week before the peel to prevent skin irritation.

Facial Treatments: Refrain from using exfoliating products, facial scrubs, or any other harsh treatments that may sensitize or irritate the skin prior to the peel.

Certain Medications: Inform your healthcare professional about any medications you are taking, as some medications, such as retinoids or certain antibiotics, may need to be discontinued temporarily before the peel.

After the Chemical Peel:

Sun Exposure: Protect your skin from direct sun exposure for 4 weeks after the peel. The new skin is more sensitive to sunlight and can be prone to sunburn and pigmentation issues.

Exfoliation: Avoid any form of manual or chemical exfoliation for at least one week after the peel to allow the skin to heal properly.

Picking or Peeling: Do not pick, scratch, or peel the treated area, as it can lead to scarring, infection, or delayed healing.

Harsh Products: Avoid using products that contain strong acids, retinoids, or other potentially irritating ingredients for a few days after the peel. Stick to gentle cleansers and moisturizers recommended by your skincare professional.

Makeup: It is advisable to avoid wearing heavy makeup immediately after the peel. Allow your skin to heal naturally.

Swimming and Saunas: Avoid swimming pools, hot tubs, and saunas for at least one week after the peel, as they can increase the risk of infection or irritation.

Remember, the specific aftercare instructions may vary depending on the type and depth of the chemical peel performed. It is crucial to follow the instructions provided by your skincare professional to ensure the best possible outcome and minimize any potential complications.

If your skin is peeling after a skin peel or any other treatment, it’s essential to take care of your skin properly to promote healing and minimize discomfort. Here are some tips on what to do and avoid when your skin is peeling:

DOs:

Keep Your Skin Moisturized: Apply a gentle and hydrating moisturizer regularly to soothe the skin and prevent excessive dryness. Look for products that contain ingredients like hyaluronic acid, glycerin, and ceramides.

Stay Hydrated: Drink plenty of water to keep your body and skin hydrated from within. Proper hydration helps support the healing process.

Use Sunscreen: Protect your skin from the sun’s harmful UV rays by wearing sunscreen with at least SPF 30. Sunscreen is crucial during the healing process as your skin becomes more sensitive to sunlight.

Follow Post-Treatment Instructions: Adhere to any specific post-treatment instructions provided by your healthcare professional. This may include avoiding certain skincare products or activities that can irritate your skin.

Gently Cleanse Your Skin: Use a mild, non-abrasive cleanser to wash your face. Avoid using harsh scrubs or exfoliants that can further irritate the peeling skin.

Apply Cool Compresses: If your skin feels irritated or warm, you can apply cool compresses to soothe the area.

AVOIDs:

Picking or Peeling the Skin: Avoid picking, scratching, or forcefully peeling the skin. Let the peeling process happen naturally to prevent scarring and further irritation.

Excessive Sun Exposure: Stay away from direct sunlight as much as possible, especially during peak hours. UV rays can worsen the peeling and lead to more damage.

Harsh Skincare Products: Avoid using products that contain harsh ingredients, such as retinoids, alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs), or beta hydroxy acids (BHAs), as they can further irritate the peeling skin.

Hot Showers and Baths: Hot water can strip the skin of its natural oils and exacerbate peeling. Opt for lukewarm water when bathing or showering.

Avoid Makeup: While your skin is peeling, it’s best to avoid wearing makeup as it may cause further irritation and hinder the healing process.

Avoid Over-Exfoliating: Refrain from using mechanical or chemical exfoliants on peeling skin. Over-exfoliating can lead to more sensitivity and prolong the healing process.

If you experience any severe or concerning symptoms during the peeling process, such as excessive redness, swelling, or infection, contact your healthcare professional immediately for further guidance and care.

The Blue Peel RADIANCE A skin peel, also known as a chemical peel, is a cosmetic procedure that involves applying a chemical solution to the skin. This solution helps exfoliate the outermost layer of the skin, promoting the growth of new, healthier skin cells and improving the skin’s texture and appearance.

Skin peels can effectively address a wide range of skin concerns, including acne, acne scars, sun damage, fine lines and wrinkles, uneven skin tone, hyperpigmentation, and dull or rough skin texture.

During a skin peel, the chemical solution is applied to the skin, causing controlled damage to the outer layer. This prompts the skin to naturally shed dead and damaged skin cells, revealing fresher, smoother skin underneath. The new skin that emerges is often smoother, more even-toned, and youthful.

Yes, there are different types of skin peels, categorized based on their depth of penetration and strength. Superficial or light peels are gentle and target the outermost layer of the skin. Medium peels penetrate deeper into the skin, while deep peels reach the innermost layers. The appropriate type of peel will depend on your skin concerns and desired outcomes.

The sensation during a skin peel can vary depending on the type and strength of the peel used. Light peels may cause a slight tingling or warm sensation, while medium and deep peels may cause more significant discomfort. Your healthcare professional can use topical anesthetics to minimize any discomfort during the procedure.

The duration of a skin peel procedure can vary, ranging from 15 minutes to an hour or more, depending on the type of peel and the area being treated.

The downtime after a skin peel will depend on the depth of the peel. Light peels generally have little to no downtime, while medium and deep peels may involve several days to a week of peeling and redness. Your healthcare professional will provide post-peel care instructions to help you manage any side effects.

The number of sessions required to see results will depend on the specific skin concern being treated and the type of peel used. For some concerns, significant improvements can be seen after a single session, while others may require a series of treatments for optimal results.

Yes, skin peels can often be combined with other cosmetic treatments to enhance results. Your healthcare professional can recommend complementary treatments based on your individual needs and goals.

Most individuals with various skin types and concerns can be good candidates for skin peels. However, it’s essential to have a consultation with a qualified healthcare professional to determine if a skin peel is suitable for your specific skin type and condition.

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